What is Vitamin B2 | What are the Sources of Vitamin B2 | Benefits of Vitamin B2 | Causes of Vitamin B2 Deficiency | Effects for Excessive intake of Vitamin B2 | What is the Treatment for Vitamin B2 Deficiency
Riboflavin also known as vitamin B2, is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in humans and animals. It is the central component of the cofactors FAD and FMN, and is therefore required by all flavoproteins. As such, vitamin B2 is required for a wide variety of cellular processes. Like the other B vitamins, it plays a key role in energy metabolism, and is required for the metabolism of fats, ketone bodies, carbohydrates, and proteins.
Vitamin B2: Riboflavin, essential for the reactions of coenzymes. Deficiency causes inflammation of the lining of the mouth and skin.
Nutritionists categorize vitamins by the materials that a vitamin will dissolve in.
There are two categories:
1. water-soluble vitamins
2. fat-soluble vitamins.
Water-soluble vitamins, which include the B-complex group and vitamin C, travel through the bloodstream. Whatever water-soluble vitamins are not used by the body are eliminated in urine, which means you need a continuous supply of them in your food. Vitamin B2 is a water-soluble vitamin.
What are the Sources of Vitamin B2?
Dietary Sources for Riboflavin are:
Liver, kidney, Milk, yoghurt, cheese, Marmite, wheat germ, meat, Mushrooms, broccoli, avocado, Fortified white flour and breakfast cereals
What are the Benefits of Vitamin B2?
What are the Causes of Vitamin B2 Deficiency?
Symptoms of riboflavin deficiency include:
« stunted growth,
« sensitivity to light,
« digestive problems,
« cracks around the corners of the mouth,
« eye tiredness
« dull or oily hair, an oily skin, premature wrinkles on the face and arms, and split nails.
« malfunctioning of the adrenal glands.
« soreness of the lips, mouth and tongue.
« the tongue may turn magenta (glossitis),
« seborrheic dermatitis (particularly affecting the scrotum, around the nose and in the area between
the nose and the lips).
« conjunctivitis and watering of eyes
What are the Side effects (OR) excessive intake of Vitamin B2?
Special Precautions & Warnings:
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Riboflavin is LIKELY SAFE for pregnant or breast-feeding women when taken in the amounts recommended.
The recommended amounts are 1.4 mg per day for pregnant women and 1.6 mg per day in breast-feeding women. Not enough is known about the safety of taking larger doses during pregnancy or breast-feeding.
How to Treat Vitamin B2 Deficiency?
1. Adequate riboflavin in diet – sources include yeasts, milk, diary, fortified breakfast cereals, liver, offal.
2. Riboflavin supplementation.
3. You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment or change in treatment plans.
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