Nectarine | Peach | What is Nectarine Fruit | Is a Nectarine a Peach Fruit | Health Benefits of Nectarine (Peach) | Nutritional Value of Peach
The history of the nectarine goes back to the early part of the Christian era, then merges with that of the peach. Sturtevant writes that the first mention of nectarines was made by Cieza de Leon in the mid-fourteenth century when he described the Caymito of Peru as “large as a nectarine.” However, U.P. Hedrick is convinced that Pliny’s “duracinus” (A.D. 79) is the nectarine.
Since Dalechamp in 1587 and J. Bauhin in 1650 described nectarines, other botanists and pomologists have included them in their lists of fruits. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the nectarine was called “nucipersica” because it resembled the walnut in smoothness and color of the outer skin as well as in size and shape.
Nectarines, like peaches, most likely originated in China more than 2,000 years ago and were cultivated in ancient Persia, Greece and Rome.
Nectarines: peaches without the fuzz? Well, not exactly. Nectarines are similar to peaches, both originating in China more than 2000 years ago, and cultivated in ancient Persia, Greece and Rome. They were grown in Great Britain in the late 16th or early 17th centuries, and were introduced to America by the Spanish. Nectarines are smaller than peaches and have a smooth golden yellow skin with shades of red. The yellow flesh often may have a pink tinge, and they have a distinct aroma and more pronounced flavor than the peach. Today, California grows over 95% of the nectarines produced in the United States. They are generally available from April to late August at the market.
Summer is a great time to find fresh, ripe nectarines in the produce section. There are more than 100 varieties of nectarine, including freestone, or clingstone varieties. The freestone types separate from the pit easily, whereas the flesh of the clingstone type clings to the pit.
Like peaches, nectarines are low in calories with only about 30-40 calories each. They are also fat free and sodium-free. Each nectarine provides 1 gram of dietary fiber and is a good source of vitamins A and C.
What are the Health Benefits of Nectarines Fruit:
* Nectarines are low in calories and are naturally fat free.
* Nectarines are also naturally cholesterol free amin C helps to maintain a healthy immune system.
* Nectarines are also a great source of antioxidants which can help protect the skin from damaging UV rays by counteracting free radical activity.
* They are a good source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, beta carotene and potassium.
Uses of Nectarines in daily life:
>> Bake peeled, halved, pitted fruit, cut-side up in a baking pan sprinkled with honey and cinnamon and cooked until tender.
>> Grilled nectarines are a wonderful tasty treat! Be sure to brush the fruit with fruit juices and cook until it is heated through.
>> Poached nectarines in fruit juice or wine and cook until tender…a simple, elegant way to end a meal.
>> Nectarines make a good substitute in any recipe that calls for peaches or apricots.
>> Puree ripe nectarines with skim milk, non-fat yogurt, or orange juice for a tasty breakfast treat.
>> Serve pancakes, waffles, or French toast with sliced or chopped nectarines.
>> Add cut up nectarines to your favorite fruit salad.
>> Serve baked nectarines with baked chicken or ham as delicious side dish.
Nutritional Value of Nectarine fruit:
Nectarine (2 1/2 inches [about 6.35cm] diameter), 1 fruit (raw)
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