Peach | What is Peach Fruit | What are the Health Benefits of Peach | Uses of Peach Fruit and its Juice | Nutritional Value of Peach Fruit
The peach (Prunus persica) is a species of Prunus native to China that bears an edible juicy fruit also called a peach. It is a deciduous tree growing to 4–10 m tall, belonging to the subfamily Prunoideae of the family Rosaceae. It is classified with the almond in the subgenus Amygdalus within the genus Prunus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell.
The leaves are lanceolate, 7–16 cm long (3–6 in), 2–3 cm broad, pinnately veined. The flowers are produced in early spring before the leaves; they are solitary or paired, 2.5–3 cm diameter, pink, with five petals. The fruit has yellow or whitish flesh, a delicate aroma, and a skin that is either velvety (peaches) or smooth (nectarines) in different cultivars. The flesh is very delicate and easily bruised in some cultivars, but is fairly firm in some commercial varieties, especially when green.
The single, large seed is red-brown, oval shaped, approximately 1.4–2 cm long, and is surrounded by a wood-like husk. Peaches, along with cherries, plums and apricots, are stone fruits (drupes).
Health Benefits of Peach Fruit and its Juice:
* Peaches help make the skin healthy and also add color to the complexion.
* It has been seen that consumption of peaches helps in the removal of worms from the intestinal tract.
* Being rich in Vitamin A, peaches might help prevent cancer in organs and glands with epithelial tissue.
* Peaches comprise of more than 80 percent water and are a good source of dietary fiber, making them good for those trying to lose weight.
* Consumption of peaches, on a regular basis, can keep your bowel movements regular and even prevent straining.
* Researches have suggested that peaches have good to excellent antioxidant activity, some antimicrobial activity and good to excellent tumor growth inhibition activity.
* Peaches have a small laxative effect and a powerful diuretic effect and thus, are recommended to people suffering from rheumatism and gout.
* Peach flowers have sedative proprieties and are good for children who are restless, especially when boiled in water with sugar and honey.
Peaches have been found to be beneficial for individuals suffering from the following ailments:
>> Bladder and Kidney Stones
>> Dry Cough
>> High Blood Pressure
>> Poor Digestion
Nutritional Value of Peach Fruit:
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||165 kJ (39 kcal)|
|Dietary fibre||1.5 g|
|Vitamin A equiv.||16 μg (2%)|
|Vitamin C||6.6 mg (11%)|
|Iron||0.25 mg (2%)|
|Potassium||190 mg (4%)|
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